skip to main content

Title: Domain configuration changes under electric field-induced antiferroelectric-ferroelectric phase transitions in NaNbO{sub 3}-based ceramics

We recently developed a feasible crystal chemistry strategy to stabilize the antiferroelectricity in NaNbO{sub 3} through a chemical substitution to decrease the tolerance factor and increase the average electronegativity of the system [Shimizu et al., Dalton Trans. 44, 10763 (2015) and Guo et al., J. Appl. Phys. 117, 214103 (2015)]. Two novel lead-free antiferroelectric (AFE) solid solutions, (1-x)NaNbO{sub 3}-xCaZrO{sub 3} and (1-x)NaNbO{sub 3}-xSrZrO{sub 3}, have been found to exhibit the double polarization hysteresis typical of a reversible AFE ↔ ferroelectric (FE) phase transition. In this study, as demonstrated by (1-x)NaNbO{sub 3}-xCaZrO{sub 3} system, the influence of chemical modification and electrical poling on the AFE/FE phase stability was investigated, primarily focusing on the microstructural and crystallographic evolutions. Together with the macroscopic polarization hysteresis measurements, a well-demonstrated structure-property relationship was presented. It was found that the CaZrO{sub 3} substitution into NaNbO{sub 3} can effectively destabilize the FE Q phase and correspondingly lead to a spontaneous reverting to AFE P phase. In contrast to the reversible AFE ↔ FE phase transition, the domain morphology evolution exhibits irreversible nature with a growing process of the orientational domains after applying electric field. Moreover, a multiple-zone axes electron diffraction map of P and Q phases hasmore » been summarized and is believed to be an efficient diagram to determine the AFE/FE nature of the NaNbO{sub 3}-based systems.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Materials Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States)
  2. Taiyo Yuden Co., Ltd., Takasaki, Gunma 370-3347 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22494693
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ANTIFERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; CERAMICS; CHEMISTRY; CRYSTALLOGRAPHY; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ELECTRON DIFFRACTION; ELECTRONEGATIVITY; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; HYSTERESIS; LEAD; MICROSTRUCTURE; MORPHOLOGY; NIOBATES; PHASE STABILITY; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; POLARIZATION; SODIUM COMPOUNDS; SOLID SOLUTIONS