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Title: Stress relaxation in vanadium under shock and shockless dynamic compression

Evolutions of elastic-plastic waves have been recorded in three series of plate impact experiments with annealed vanadium samples under conditions of shockless and combined ramp and shock dynamic compression. The shaping of incident wave profiles was realized using intermediate base plates made of different silicate glasses through which the compression waves were entered into the samples. Measurements of the free surface velocity histories revealed an apparent growth of the Hugoniot elastic limit with decreasing average rate of compression. The growth was explained by “freezing” of the elastic precursor decay in the area of interaction of the incident and reflected waves. A set of obtained data show that the current value of the Hugoniot elastic limit and plastic strain rate is rather associated with the rate of the elastic precursor decay than with the local rate of compression. The study has revealed the contributions of dislocation multiplications in elastic waves. It has been shown that independently of the compression history the material arrives at the minimum point between the elastic and plastic waves with the same density of mobile dislocations.
Authors:
 [1] ; ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Joint Institute for High Temperatures of the RAS, Moscow 125412 (Russian Federation)
  2. Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics of the RAS, Chernogolovka 142432 (Russian Federation)
  3. (Russian Federation)
  4. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ben-Gurion University, P.O. Box 653, Beer Sheva 84105 (Israel)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22494680
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ANNEALING; COMPRESSION; DISLOCATIONS; ELASTICITY; GLASS; PLASTICITY; PLATES; SILICATES; STRAIN RATE; STRESS RELAXATION; VANADIUM