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Title: High temperature annealing effects on deep-level defects in a high purity semi-insulating 4H-SiC substrate

Effects of high-temperature annealing on deep-level defects in a high-purity semi-insulating 4H silicon carbide substrate have been studied by employing current-voltage, capacitance-voltage, junction spectroscopy, and chemical impurity analysis measurements. Secondary ion mass spectrometry data reveal that the substrate contains boron with concentration in the mid 10{sup 15 }cm{sup −3} range, while other impurities including nitrogen, aluminum, titanium, vanadium and chromium are below their detection limits (typically ∼10{sup 14 }cm{sup −3}). Schottky barrier diodes fabricated on substrates annealed at 1400–1700 °C exhibit metal/p-type semiconductor behavior with a current rectification of up to 8 orders of magnitude at bias voltages of ±3 V. With increasing annealing temperature, the series resistance of the Schottky barrier diodes decreases, and the net acceptor concentration in the substrates increases approaching the chemical boron content. Admittance spectroscopy results unveil the presence of shallow boron acceptors and deep-level defects with levels in lower half of the bandgap. After the 1400 °C annealing, the boron acceptor still remains strongly compensated at room temperature by deep donor-like levels located close to mid-gap. However, the latter decrease in concentration with increasing annealing temperature and after 1700 °C, the boron acceptor is essentially uncompensated. Hence, the deep donors are decisive for the semi-insulating properties of the substrates, andmore » their thermal evolution limits the thermal budget for device processing. The origin of the deep donors is not well-established, but substantial evidence supporting an assignment to carbon vacancies is presented.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Physics, Center for Materials Science and Nanotechnology, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1048 Blindern, N-0316 Oslo (Norway)
  2. Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 1233 Watanuki, Takasaki, 370-1292 Gunma (Japan)
  3. Washington Mills AS, N-7300 Orkanger (Norway)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22494675
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ABUNDANCE; ALUMINIUM; ANNEALING; BORON; CARBON; CHROMIUM; DEFECTS; ELECTRIC CURRENTS; IMPURITIES; MASS SPECTROSCOPY; NITROGEN; P-TYPE CONDUCTORS; SCHOTTKY BARRIER DIODES; SILICON CARBIDES; SUBSTRATES; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; TEMPERATURE RANGE 1000-4000 K; TITANIUM; VACANCIES; VANADIUM