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Title: The down-conversion and up-conversion photoluminescence properties of Na{sub 0.5}Bi{sub 0.5}TiO{sub 3}:Yb{sup 3+}/Pr{sup 3+} ceramics

Na{sub 0.5}Bi{sub 0.5−x−y}Yb{sub x}Pr{sub y}TiO{sub 3} (NBT:xYb/yPr) ceramics with different Yb and Pr contents are prepared. Both the down-conversion (DC) and up-conversion (UC) photoluminescence (PL) of the ceramics via 453 and 980 nm excitation, respectively, are investigated. The effect of Yb{sup 3+} and Pr{sup 3+} doping contents on the DC and UC PL is significantly different from each other. Furthermore, the UC PL of the ceramics as a function of temperatures is measured to investigate the UC process in detail. Based on energy level diagram of Pr{sup 3+} and Yb{sup 3+} ions and the DC and UC PL spectra, the DC and UC PL mechanisms of Pr{sup 3+} and Yb{sup 3+} ions are discussed. Especially, the UC PL mechanism is clarified, which is different from the previously reported literature. Also, the temperature sensing properties of the ceramics are studied based on the photoluminescence ratio technique, using the thermal coupling energy levels of Pr{sup 3+}.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Microelectronic Science and Engineering, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22494646
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; CERAMICS; CONVERSION; ENERGY LEVELS; EXCITATION; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; PRASEODYMIUM IONS; SPECTRA; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; YTTERBIUM IONS