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Title: Structure and properties of solid polymer electrolyte based on chitosan and ZrO{sub 2} nanoparticle for lithium ion battery

In order to develop all solid lithium ion battery, study on the structure and properties of solid polymer electrolytes (SPE) based on chitosan has been done. The SPE were prepared by adding Zirconia (ZrO{sub 2}) nanoparticle and LiClO{sub 4} as lithium salt into the chitosan solution followed by casting method. Effect of the ZrO{sub 2} and salt concentration to the structure and properties of SPE were elaborated using several methods. The structure of the SPE cast film, were characterized mainly by using X-ray diffractometer (XRD). While the electrical properties of SPE were studied by electrochemical impedance spectrometer (EIS) and ion transference number measurement. XRD profiles show that the addition of ZrO{sub 2} and LiClO{sub 4} disrupts the crystality of chitosan. The decrease in sample crytalinity with the nanoparticle and salt addition may increase the molecular mobility result in the increasing sample conductivity and cathionic transference number as determined by EIS and ion transference number measurement, respectively. The highest ionic conductivity (3.58×10{sup −4} S cm{sup −1}) was obtained when 4 wt% of ZrO{sub 2} nanoparticle and 40 wt% of LiClO{sub 4} salt were added to the chitosan. The ion transference number with that composition was 0.55. It is high enough tomore » be used as SPE for lithium ion battery.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Center for Sains and Technology Advanced Materials – BATAN Kawasan Puspiptek Serpong, Tangerang Selatan, BantenV 15314 (Indonesia)
  2. Department Of Physics, Mataram University, Jl. Majapahit 62, Mataram, NTB 83125 (Indonesia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22494600
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1710; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: NNS2015: 6. nanoscience and nanotechnology symposium, Surakarta (Indonesia), 4-5 Nov 2015; Other Information: (c) 2016 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; AMINO ACIDS; ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; ELECTROLYTES; FILMS; LITHIUM ION BATTERIES; LITHIUM PERCHLORATES; MATHEMATICAL SOLUTIONS; OLIGOSACCHARIDES; POLYMERS; SOLIDS; SPECTROMETERS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY DIFFRACTOMETERS; ZIRCONIUM OXIDES