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Title: Characterization of nickel laterite reduction from Pomalaa, Sulawesi Tenggara

The effect of using different reductors in the reduction process of nickel laterite was investigated. In this work, the author conducted the reduction of nickel laterite ores by anthracite coal, lamtoro charcoal, and carbon raiser, in air and CO{sub 2} atmosphere, within the temperature ranged from 800°C and 1000°C. The results indicate that at higher temperatures, the reduction reactions proceed more complete. According to the X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis, the type of carbon used greatly influence the rate of the reduction of nickel laterite. The order of reactivity is anthracite coal, lamtoro charcoal, and carbon raiser, respectively. The reduction atmospheric condition also greatly influences the reduction process. The reduction process in CO{sub 2} atmospheric condition gives a lot of significant decrease in hematite and magnetite presence, means that the reduction reactions proceed more complete compared to the reduction process in the air atmospheric condition.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Material and Mineral Processing Research Group, Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Grafika 2 Yogyakarta 55281 (Indonesia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22494476
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1699; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: International conference of chemical and material engineering (ICCME) 2015: Green technology for sustainable chemical products and processes, Semarang (Indonesia), 29-30 Sep 2015; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; AIR; ANTHRACITE; CARBON; CARBON DIOXIDE; CHARCOAL; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; HEMATITE; MAGNETITE; NICKEL COMPOUNDS; REACTIVITY; REDUCTION; TEMPERATURE RANGE 1000-4000 K; X-RAY DIFFRACTION