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Title: Process assessment of small scale low temperature methanol synthesis

Biomass is a renewable energy resource and has the potential to make a significant impact on domestic fuel supplies. Biomass can be converted to fuel like methanol via several step process. The process can be split into following main steps: biomass preparation, gasification, gas cooling and cleaning, gas shift and methanol synthesis. Untill now these configuration still has a problem like high production cost, catalyst deactivation, economy of scale and a huge energy requirements. These problems become the leading inhibition for biomass conversion to methanol, which should be resolved to move towards the economical. To address these issues, we developed various process and new configurations for methanol synthesis via methyl formate. This configuration combining two reactors: the one reactor for the carbonylation of methanol and CO to form methyl formate, and the second for the hydrogenolysis of methyl formate and H{sub 2} to form two molecule of methanol. Four plant process configurations were compared with the biomass basis is 300 ton/day. The first configuration (A) is equipped with a steam reforming process for converting methane to CO and H{sub 2} for increasing H{sub 2}/CO ratio. CO{sub 2} removal is necessary to avoid poisoning the catalyst. COSORB process used for themore » purpose of increasing the partial pressure of CO in the feed gas. The steam reforming process in B configuration is not used with the aim of reducing the number of process equipment, so expect lower investment costs. For C configuration, the steam reforming process and COSORB are not used with the aim of reducing the number of process equipment, so expect lower investment costs. D configuration is almost similar to the configuration A. This configuration difference is in the synthesis of methanol which was held in a single reactor. Carbonylation and hydrogenolysis reactions carried out in the same reactor one. These processes were analyzed in term of technical process, material and energy balance and economic analysis. The presented study is an attempt to compile most of these efforts in order to guide future work to get cheaper low cost investment. From our study the interesting configuration to the next development is D configuration with methanol yield 112 ton/day and capital cost with 526.4 10{sup 6} IDR. The configuration of D with non-discounted and discounted rate had the break-even point approximately six and eight years.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3]
  1. Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Jenderal Achmad Yani Univerity (Indonesia)
  2. (Indonesia)
  3. Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Industrial Technology, InstitutTeknologi Bandung (Indonesia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22494475
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1699; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: International conference of chemical and material engineering (ICCME) 2015: Green technology for sustainable chemical products and processes, Semarang (Indonesia), 29-30 Sep 2015; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; BIOMASS; CARBON DIOXIDE; CARBON MONOXIDE; CARBONYLATION; CATALYSTS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CONFIGURATION; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; FORMATES; FUEL SUPPLIES; GAS COOLING; HYDROGEN; METHANE; METHANOL; PARTIAL PRESSURE; SOLVENT EXTRACTION; STEAM; SYNTHESIS; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0065-0273 K