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Title: Biodiesel production from multi feedstock as feed with direct ultrasound assisted

The objective of this study was to optimize of ratio oil type, ratio oil to methanol and catalyst concentration. The optimization was used Central Composite Design (CCD). Biodiesel was produced with multi stock oil as feed and conducted in direct ultrasonic radiation. Biosonic equiped with ultrasonic generator with a frequency of 28 kHz. Biodiesel produced at a pressure of 1 atm, reaction time of 60 min and temperature 60 ° C. The optimum conditions of volume ratio for Palm and Coconut oil 4:1, KOH catalyst concentration 0.3% and methanol to oil mole ratio 7:1. Biodiesel yield was determined under this condition and obtained 81.105%.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [3]
  1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University Semarang Indonesia (Indonesia)
  2. (C-BIORE) Diponegoro University (Indonesia)
  3. Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM) (Malaysia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22494460
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1699; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: International conference of chemical and material engineering (ICCME) 2015: Green technology for sustainable chemical products and processes, Semarang (Indonesia), 29-30 Sep 2015; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; BIODIESEL FUELS; CATALYSTS; COCONUTS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; KHZ RANGE 01-100; METHANOL; OILS; POTASSIUM HYDROXIDES; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; ULTRASONIC WAVES