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Title: Process intensification of biodiesel production by using microwave and ionic liquids as catalyst

The energy crisis pushes the development and intensification of biodiesel production process. Biodiesel is produced by transesterification of vegetable oils or animal fats and conventionally produced by using acid/base catalyst. However, the conventional method requires longer processing time and obtains lower yield of biodiesel. The microwave has been intensively used to accelerate production process and ionic liquids has been introduced as source of catalyst. This paper discusses the overview of the development of biodiesel production through innovation using microwave irradiation and ionic liquids catalyst to increase the yield of biodiesel. The potential microwave to reduce the processing time will be discussed and compared with other energy power, while the ionic liquids as a new generation of catalysts in the chemical industry will be also discussed for its use. The ionic liquids has potential to enhance the economic and environmental aspects because it has a low corrosion effect, can be recycled, and low waste form.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University (Indonesia)
  2. (Indonesia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22494459
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1699; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: International conference of chemical and material engineering (ICCME) 2015: Green technology for sustainable chemical products and processes, Semarang (Indonesia), 29-30 Sep 2015; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; ANIMALS; BIODIESEL FUELS; CATALYSTS; CHEMICAL INDUSTRY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CORROSION; FATS; IRRADIATION; LIQUIDS; MICROWAVE RADIATION; POTENTIALS; PROCESSING; VEGETABLE OILS; WASTE FORMS; YIELDS