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Title: SU-E-I-19: Optimization of Low Contrast Detectability Across Two CT Manufacturers

Purpose: Our goal was to evaluate low contrast detectability (LCD) for abdominal CT protocols across two CT scanner manufacturers, while producing a similar noise texture and CTDIvol for acquired images. Methods: A CIRS tissue equivalent LCD phantom containing three columns of 7 spherical targets, ranging from 10 mm to 2.4 mm, that are 5, 10, and 20 HU below the background matrix (HUBB) was scanned using two a GE HD750 64 slice scanner and a Siemens Somatom Definition AS 64 slice scanner. Protocols were designed to deliver a CTDIvol of 12.26 mGy and images were reconstructed with FBP, ASIR and Sapphire. Comparisons were made with those algorithms that had matching noise power spectrum peaks (NPS). NPS information was extracted from a previously published article that matched NPS peak frequencies across manufacturers by calculating the NPS from uniform phantom images reconstructed with several IR algorithms. Results: The minimum detectable lesion size in the 20 HUBB and 10 HUBB column was 6.3 mm, and 10 mm in the 5 HUBB column for the GE HD 750 scanner. The minimum detectable lesion size in the 20 HUBB column was 4.8 mm, in the 10 HUBB column, 9.5 mm, and the 5 HUBB column,more » 10 mm for the Siemens Somatom Definition AS. Conclusion: Reducing radiation dose while improving or maintaining LCD is possible with application of IR. However, there are several different IR algorithms, with each generating a different resolution and noise texture. In multi-manufacturer settings, matching only the CTDIvol between manufacturers may Result in a loss of clinically relevant information.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Ctr, New York, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22493978
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2015 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ALGORITHMS; ANIMAL TISSUES; COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY; IMAGES; MANUFACTURERS; NOISE; NUCLEAR INDUSTRY; PHANTOMS; RADIATION DOSES; SAPPHIRE