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Title: Generation of multiple toroidal dust vortices by a non-monotonic density gradient in a direct current glow discharge plasma

Observation of two well-separated dust vortices in an unmagnetized parallel plate DC glow discharge plasma is reported in this paper. A non-monotonic radial density profile, achieved by an especially designed cathode structure using a concentric metallic disk and ring of different radii, is observed to produce double dust tori between cathode and anode. PIV analysis of the still images of the double tori shows oppositely rotating dust structures between the central disk and the ring. Langmuir probe measurements of background plasma shows a non-uniform plasma density profile between the disk and the ring. Location and sense of rotation of the dust vortices coincides with the location and direction of the radial gradient in the ion drag force caused by the radial density gradient. The experimentally observed dust vorticity matches well with the calculated one using hydrodynamic formulations with shear in ion drag dominating over the dust charge gradient. These results corroborate that a radial gradient in the ion drag force directed towards cathode is the principal cause of dust rotation.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)
  2. Department of Physics, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22493790
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ANODES; CATHODES; DIRECT CURRENT; DRAG; GLOW DISCHARGES; IMAGES; LANGMUIR PROBE; PLASMA DENSITY; PLATES; ROTATING PLASMA; SHEAR; TORI; VORTICES