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Title: Guiding and collimation of laser-accelerated proton beams using thin foils followed with a hollow plasma channel

It is proposed that guided and collimated proton acceleration by intense lasers can be achieved using an advanced target—a thin foil followed by a hollow plasma channel. For the advanced target, the laser-accelerated hot electrons can be confined in the hollow channel at the foil rear side, which leads to the formation of transversely localized, Gaussian-distributed sheath electric field and resultantly guiding of proton acceleration. Further, due to the hot electron flow along the channel wall, a strong focusing transverse electric field is induced, taking the place of the original defocusing one driven by hot electron pressure in the case of a purely thin foil target, which results in collimation of proton beams. Two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations show that collimated proton beams with energy about 20 MeV and nearly half-reduced divergence of 26° are produced at laser intensities 10{sup 20 }W/cm{sup 2} by using the advanced target.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Center for Applied Physics and Technology, HEDPS, and School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)
  2. (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22493762
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ACCELERATION; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ELECTRONS; FOCUSING; FOILS; LASER TARGETS; LASERS; MEV RANGE; PLASMA; PLASMA SIMULATION; PROTON BEAMS; TWO-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS