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Title: Methane dissociation on Pt(111): Searching for a specific reaction parameter density functional

The theoretical description of methane dissociating on metal surfaces is a current frontier in the field of gas-surface dynamics. Dynamical models that aim at achieving a highly accurate description of this reaction rely on potential energy surfaces based on density functional theory calculations at the generalized gradient approximation. We focus here on the effect that the exchange-correlation functional has on the reactivity of methane on a metal surface, using CHD{sub 3} + Pt(111) as a test case. We present new ab initio molecular dynamics calculations performed with various density functionals, looking also at functionals that account for the van der Waals (vdW) interaction. While searching for a semi-empirical specific reaction parameter density functional for this system, we find that the use of a weighted average of the PBE and the RPBE exchange functionals together with a vdW-corrected correlation functional leads to an improved agreement with quantum state-resolved experimental data for the sticking probability, compared to previous PBE calculations. With this semi-empirical density functional, we have also investigated the surface temperature dependence of the methane dissociation reaction and the influence of the rotational alignment on the reactivity, and compared our results with experiments.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden University, Gorlaeus Laboratories, P.O. Box 9502, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands)
  2. Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Golgi 19, 20133 Milano (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22493697
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 144; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2016 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD; DISSOCIATION; METHANE; MOLECULAR DYNAMICS METHOD; PLATINUM; POTENTIAL ENERGY; QUANTUM STATES; REACTIVITY; SURFACES; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; VAN DER WAALS FORCES