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Title: Response of complex networks to compression: Ca, La, and Y aluminoborosilicate glasses formed from liquids at 1 to 3 GPa pressures

Aluminoborosilicate glasses containing relatively high field strength modifiers (Ca, La, and Y) have been compressed at pressures up to 3 GPa and near the glass transition temperature (T{sub g}) and quenched to room temperature at high pressure followed by decompression. Structural changes were quantified with high-resolution {sup 27}Al and {sup 11}B MAS nuclear magnetic resonance at 14.1–18.8 T. The changes with pressure in Al and B coordinations in the recovered samples are quite large with more than 50% decreases in tetrahedral aluminum ({sup IV}Al) and 200%-300% increases in tetrahedral boron ({sup IV}B). Glasses with higher field strength modifiers (La and Y) contain more high coordinated aluminum ({sup V,V} {sup I}Al) at all pressures studied. More high coordinated boron also correlates with higher field strength modifier if all three compositions are compared on an isothermal basis. Although lowering fictive temperature and increasing pressure both increase Al and B coordinations, our study shows that the actual mechanisms for structural changes are most probably different for temperature and pressure effects. Using a rough thermodynamic model to extrapolate to higher pressures, it appears that a simple non-bridging oxygen (NBO) consumption mechanism is not sufficient to convert all the aluminum to octahedral and boron tomore » tetrahedral coordination, suggesting other mechanisms for structural changes could occur at high pressure as NBO becomes depleted.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Geological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)
  2. Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22493696
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 144; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2016 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ALUMINIUM; ALUMINIUM 27; ALUMINIUM COMPOUNDS; BORON; BORON 11; BOROSILICATE GLASS; CALCIUM COMPOUNDS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; LANTHANUM COMPOUNDS; NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE; PRESSURE DEPENDENCE; PRESSURE RANGE GIGA PA; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TRANSITION TEMPERATURE; YTTRIUM COMPOUNDS