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Title: Electron collisions with methyl-substituted ethylenes: Cross section measurements and calculations for 2-methyl–2-butene and 2,3-dimethyl–2-butene

We report electron-scattering cross sections determined for 2-methyl–2-butene [(H{sub 3}C)HC = C(CH{sub 3}){sub 2}] and 2,3-dimethyl–2-butene [(H{sub 3}C){sub 2}C = C(CH{sub 3}){sub 2}] molecules. Absolute grand-total cross sections (TCSs) were measured for incident electron energies in the 0.5–300 eV range, using a linear electron-transmission technique. The experimental TCS energy dependences for the both targets appear to be very similar with respect to the shape. In each TCS curve, three features are discernible: the resonant-like structure located around 2.6–2.7 eV, the broad distinct enhancement peaking near 8.5 eV, and a weak hump in the vicinity of 24 eV. Theoretical integral elastic (ECS) and ionization (ICS) cross sections were computed up to 3 keV by means of the additivity rule (AR) approximation and the binary-encounter-Bethe method, respectively. Their sums, (ECS+ICS), are in a reasonable agreement with the respective measured TCSs. To examine the effect of methylation of hydrogen sides in the ethylene [H{sub 2}C = CH{sub 2}] molecule on the TCS, we compared the TCS energy curves for the sequence of methylated ethylenes: propene [H{sub 2}C = CH(CH{sub 3})], 2-methylpropene [H{sub 2}C = C(CH{sub 3}){sub 2}], 2-methyl–2-butene [(H{sub 3}C)HC = C(CH{sub 3}){sub 2}], and 2,3-dimethyl–2-butene [(H{sub 3}C){sub 2}C = C(CH{sub 3}){sub 2}],more » measured in the same laboratory. Moreover, the isomeric effect is also discussed for the C{sub 5}H{sub 10} and C{sub 6}H{sub 12} compounds.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Faculty of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Atomic Physics Group, Gdańsk University of Technology, ul. G. Narutowicza 11/12, 80-233 Gdańsk (Poland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22493507
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 143; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 2-METHYLPROPENE; BUTENES; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CYCLOHEXANE; ELECTRON COLLISIONS; ELECTRON-MOLECULE COLLISIONS; ELECTRONS; ENERGY DEPENDENCE; ETHYLENE; EV RANGE; HYDROGEN; KEV RANGE; METHYLATION; MOLECULES; PROPYLENE; TOTAL CROSS SECTIONS