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Title: Spin-orbit couplings within the equation-of-motion coupled-cluster framework: Theory, implementation, and benchmark calculations

We present a formalism and an implementation for calculating spin-orbit couplings (SOCs) within the EOM-CCSD (equation-of-motion coupled-cluster with single and double substitutions) approach. The following variants of EOM-CCSD are considered: EOM-CCSD for excitation energies (EOM-EE-CCSD), EOM-CCSD with spin-flip (EOM-SF-CCSD), EOM-CCSD for ionization potentials (EOM-IP-CCSD) and electron attachment (EOM-EA-CCSD). We employ a perturbative approach in which the SOCs are computed as matrix elements of the respective part of the Breit-Pauli Hamiltonian using zeroth-order non-relativistic wave functions. We follow the expectation-value approach rather than the response-theory formulation for property calculations. Both the full two-electron treatment and the mean-field approximation (a partial account of the two-electron contributions) have been implemented and benchmarked using several small molecules containing elements up to the fourth row of the periodic table. The benchmark results show the excellent performance of the perturbative treatment and the mean-field approximation. When used with an appropriate basis set, the errors with respect to experiment are below 5% for the considered examples. The findings regarding basis-set requirements are in agreement with previous studies. The impact of different correlation treatment in zeroth-order wave functions is analyzed. Overall, the EOM-IP-CCSD, EOM-EA-CCSD, EOM-EE-CCSD, and EOM-SF-CCSD wave functions yield SOCs that agree well with each other (andmore » with the experimental values when available). Using an EOM-CCSD approach that provides a more balanced description of the target states yields more accurate results.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1]
  1. Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-0482 (United States)
  2. (United States)
  3. Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Universität Mainz, D-55099 Mainz (Germany)
  4. Department of Chemistry, Centre for Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, University of Oslo, N-0315 Oslo (Norway)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22493497
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 143; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; APPROXIMATIONS; BENCHMARKS; CORRELATIONS; ELECTRON ATTACHMENT; ELECTRONS; EQUATIONS OF MOTION; EXCITATION; EXPECTATION VALUE; HAMILTONIANS; IMPLEMENTATION; IONIZATION POTENTIAL; L-S COUPLING; MEAN-FIELD THEORY; MOLECULES; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; SPIN FLIP; WAVE FUNCTIONS