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Title: Diffusion approximations to the chemical master equation only have a consistent stochastic thermodynamics at chemical equilibrium

The stochastic thermodynamics of a dilute, well-stirred mixture of chemically reacting species is built on the stochastic trajectories of reaction events obtained from the chemical master equation. However, when the molecular populations are large, the discrete chemical master equation can be approximated with a continuous diffusion process, like the chemical Langevin equation or low noise approximation. In this paper, we investigate to what extent these diffusion approximations inherit the stochastic thermodynamics of the chemical master equation. We find that a stochastic-thermodynamic description is only valid at a detailed-balanced, equilibrium steady state. Away from equilibrium, where there is no consistent stochastic thermodynamics, we show that one can still use the diffusive solutions to approximate the underlying thermodynamics of the chemical master equation.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts at Boston, Boston, Massachusetts 02125 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22493445
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 143; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; APPROXIMATIONS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DETAILED BALANCE PRINCIPLE; DIFFUSION; EQUILIBRIUM; LANGEVIN EQUATION; NOISE; STEADY-STATE CONDITIONS; STOCHASTIC PROCESSES; THERMODYNAMICS