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Title: Molecular hydrogen solvated in water – A computational study

The aqueous hydrogen molecule is studied with molecular dynamics simulations at ambient temperature and pressure conditions, using a newly developed flexible and polarizable H{sub 2} molecule model. The design and implementation of this model, compatible with an existing flexible and polarizable force field for water, is presented in detail. The structure of the hydration layer suggests that first-shell water molecules accommodate the H{sub 2} molecule without major structural distortions and two-dimensional, radial-angular distribution functions indicate that as opposed to strictly tangential, the orientation of these water molecules is such that the solute is solvated with one of the free electron pairs of H{sub 2}O. The calculated self-diffusion coefficient of H{sub 2}(aq) agrees very well with experimental results and the time dependence of mean square displacement suggests the presence of caging on a time scale corresponding to hydrogen bond network vibrations in liquid water. Orientational correlation function of H{sub 2} experiences an extremely short-scale decay, making the H{sub 2}–H{sub 2}O interaction potential essentially isotropic by virtue of rotational averaging. The inclusion of explicit polarizability in the model allows for the calculation of Raman spectra that agree very well with available experimental data on H{sub 2}(aq) under differing pressure conditions, including accuratemore » reproduction of the experimentally noted trends with solute pressure or concentration.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Department of Physical Chemistry, Chemical Faculty, Gdańsk University of Technology, Narutowicza 11/12, 80-233 Gdańsk (Poland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22493421
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 143; Journal Issue: 24; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; AMBIENT TEMPERATURE; ANGULAR DISTRIBUTION; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; CONCENTRATION RATIO; CORRELATION FUNCTIONS; ELECTRON PAIRS; HYDRATION; HYDROGEN; LAYERS; LIQUIDS; MOLECULAR DYNAMICS METHOD; MOLECULES; POLARIZABILITY; POTENTIALS; RAMAN SPECTRA; SELF-DIFFUSION; SOLUTES; TIME DEPENDENCE; TWO-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS; WATER