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Title: Exploring mechanisms of a tropospheric archetype: CH{sub 3}O{sub 2} + NO

Methylperoxy radical (CH{sub 3}O{sub 2}) and nitric oxide (NO) contribute to the propagation of photochemical smog in the troposphere via the production of methoxy radical (CH{sub 3}O) and nitrogen dioxide (NO{sub 2}). This reaction system also furnishes trace quantities of methyl nitrate (CH{sub 3}ONO{sub 2}), a sink for reactive NO{sub x} species. Here, the CH{sub 3}O{sub 2} + NO reaction is examined with highly reliable coupled-cluster methods. Specifically, equilibrium geometries for the reactants, products, intermediates, and transition states of the ground-state potential energy surface are characterized. Relative reaction enthalpies at 0 K (ΔH{sub 0K}) are reported; these values are comprised of electronic energies extrapolated to the complete basis set limit of CCSDT(Q) and zero-point vibrational energies computed at CCSD(T)/cc-pVTZ. A two-part mechanism involving CH{sub 3}O and NO{sub 2} production followed by radical recombination to CH{sub 3}ONO{sub 2} is determined to be the primary channel for formation of CH{sub 3}ONO{sub 2} under tropospheric conditions. Constrained optimizations of the reaction paths at CCSD(T)/cc-pVTZ suggest that the homolytic bond dissociations involved in this reaction path are barrierless.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Center for Computational Quantum Chemistry, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22493347
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 143; Journal Issue: 23; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; DISSOCIATION; EQUILIBRIUM; GROUND STATES; METHOXY RADICALS; NITRIC ACID ESTERS; NITRIC OXIDE; NITROGEN DIOXIDE; OPTIMIZATION; PHOTOCHEMISTRY; POTENTIAL ENERGY; REACTION HEAT; RECOMBINATION; SINKS; SURFACES