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Title: Rotationally inelastic scattering of NO(A{sup 2}Σ{sup +}) + Ar: Differential cross sections and rotational angular momentum polarization

We present the implementation of a new crossed-molecular beam, velocity-map ion-imaging apparatus, optimized for collisions of electronically excited molecules. We have applied this apparatus to rotational energy transfer in NO(A{sup 2}Σ{sup +}, v = 0, N = 0, j = 0.5) + Ar collisions, at an average energy of 525 cm{sup −1}. We report differential cross sections for scattering into NO(A{sup 2}Σ{sup +}, v = 0, N′ = 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9), together with quantum scattering calculations of the differential cross sections and angle dependent rotational alignment. The differential cross sections show dramatic forward scattered peaks, together with oscillatory behavior at larger scattering angles, while the rotational alignment moments are also found to oscillate as a function of scattering angle. In general, the quantum scattering calculations are found to agree well with experiment, reproducing the forward scattering and oscillatory behavior at larger scattering angles. Analysis of the quantum scattering calculations as a function of total rotational angular momentum indicates that the forward scattering peak originates from the attractive minimum in the potential energy surface at the N-end of the NO. Deviations in the quantum scattering predictions from the experimental results, for scattering at angles greater than 10°,more » are observed to be more significant for scattering to odd final N′. We suggest that this represents inaccuracies in the potential energy surface, and in particular in its representation of the difference between the N- and O-ends of the molecule, as given by the odd-order Legendre moments of the surface.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Institute of Chemical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom)
  2. (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22493269
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 143; Journal Issue: 20; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ALIGNMENT; ANGULAR MOMENTUM; DIFFERENTIAL CROSS SECTIONS; ENERGY TRANSFER; INELASTIC SCATTERING; IONS; MOLECULAR BEAMS; MOLECULE COLLISIONS; MOLECULES; NITRIC OXIDE; POLARIZATION; POTENTIAL ENERGY; SURFACES; VELOCITY