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Title: Effect of surface roughness and size of beam on squeeze-film damping—Molecular dynamics simulation study

We use large-scale molecular dynamics (MD) to characterize fluid damping between a substrate and an approaching beam. We focus on the near contact regime where squeeze film (where fluid gap is comparable to the mean free path of the gas molecules) and many-body effects in the fluid become dominant. The MD simulations provide explicit description of many-body and non-equilibrium processes in the fluid as well as the surface topography. We study how surface roughness and beam width increases the damping coefficient due to their effect on fluid mobility. We find that the explicit simulations are in good agreement with prior direct simulation Monte Carlo results except at near-contact conditions where many-body effects in the compressed fluid lead the increased damping and weaker dependence on beam width. We also show that velocity distributions near the beam edges and for short gaps deviate from the Boltzmann distribution indicating a degree of local non-equilibrium. These results will be useful to parameterize compact models used for microsystem device-level simulations and provide insight into mesoscale simulations of near-contact damping.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. School of Materials Engineering and Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492973
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 20; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; BEAMS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DAMPING; DISTRIBUTION; FLUIDS; MANY-BODY PROBLEM; MEAN FREE PATH; MOBILITY; MOLECULAR DYNAMICS METHOD; MOLECULES; MONTE CARLO METHOD; ROUGHNESS; SUBSTRATES; SURFACES; THIN FILMS; TOPOGRAPHY; VELOCITY