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Title: Effects of the built-in electric field on polaron effects in a wurtzite ZnO/Mg{sub x}Zn{sub 1−x}O quantum well

The effects of the built-in electric field on the polarons in wurtzite ZnO/Mg{sub x}Zn{sub 1−x}O quantum wells are studied numerically via the improved Lee-Low-Pines intermediate coupling variational method. The contributions of the different branches of the optical phonons to the polaron energies of the ZnO/Mg{sub x}Zn{sub 1−x}O quantum wells are calculated as functions of well width d and composition x. The anisotropy effects of the electronic effective masses, the dielectric constants, and the frequencies of the different branches of the phonon modes (including both the longitudinal-like and transverse-like confined optical phonon modes, the interface optical phonon modes and the half-space phonon modes) on the polaron energies are considered in the calculations. Comparisons between the cases with and without the built-in electric field (F ≠ 0 and F = 0) are made for the optical phonon contributions to the polaron energies for the different branches of the phonon modes. The results show that the built-in electric field has marked effects on the contributions of the phonons with the different modes; in detail, it makes positive contributions to the interface and the half-space phonons, but negative contributions to the confined phonons, and thus its effect on the total phonon contribution is not obvious. Detailed comparisons ofmore » the contributions of the symmetric and antisymmetric phonon modes to the polaron energies as functions of d and x are also presented and a heuristic argument is provided to explain the numerical results.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. College of Physics and Electronic Information, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Inner Mongolia Key Laboratory for Physics and Chemistry of Functional Materials, Hohhot 010022 (China)
  2. Department of Applied Physics, College of Electronic Engineering, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492954
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 19; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ANISOTROPY; ELECTRIC FIELDS; INTERFACES; INTERMEDIATE COUPLING; PERMITTIVITY; PHONONS; POLARONS; QUANTUM WELLS; SYMMETRY; ZINC OXIDES