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Title: Modeling of electron energy spectra and mobilities in semi-metallic Hg{sub 1−x}Cd{sub x}Te quantum wells

Electron mobility, energy spectra, and intrinsic carrier concentrations in the n-type Hg{sub 0.32}Cd{sub 0.68}Te/Hg{sub 1−x}Cd{sub x}Te/Hg{sub 0.32}Cd{sub 0.68}Te quantum well (QW) in semi-metallic state are numerically modeled. Energy spectra and wave functions were calculated in the framework of the 8-band k-p Hamiltonian. In our model, electron scattering on longitudinal optical phonons, charged impurities, and holes has been taken into account, and the mobility has been calculated by an iterative solution of the Boltzmann transport equation. Our results show that the increase of the electron concentration in the well enhances the screening of the 2D electron gas, decreases the hole concentration, and can ultimately lead to a high electron mobility at liquid nitrogen temperatures. The increase of the electron concentration in the QW could be achieved in situ by delta-doping of barriers or by applying the top-gate potential. Our modeling has shown that for low molar composition x the concentration of holes in the well is high in a wide range of electron concentrations; in this case, the purity of samples does not significantly influence the electron mobility. These results are important in the context of establishing optimal parameters for the fabrication of high-mobility Hg{sub 1−x}Cd{sub x}Te quantum wells able tomore » operate at liquid nitrogen temperature and thus suitable for applications in terahertz detectors.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. V.E. Lashkaryov Institute for Semiconductor Physics of NAS of Ukraine, Nauki 41 av., 03028 Kyiv (Ukraine)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492943
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 19; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; BOLTZMANN EQUATION; CARRIERS; DIFFUSION BARRIERS; ELECTRON GAS; ELECTRON MOBILITY; ENERGY SPECTRA; FABRICATION; HAMILTONIANS; HOLES; IMPURITIES; ITERATIVE METHODS; MATHEMATICAL SOLUTIONS; PHONONS; QUANTUM WELLS; SIMULATION