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Title: Comparison of hydrolytic and non-hydrolytic atomic layer deposition chemistries: Interfacial electronic properties at alumina-silicon interfaces

We report the differences in the passivation and electronic properties of aluminum oxide (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) deposited on silicon via traditional hydrolytic atomic layer deposition (ALD) and non-hydrolytic (NH) ALD chemistries. Traditional films were grown using trimethylaluminum (TMA) and water and NHALD films grown using TMA and isopropanol at 300 °C. Hydrolytically grown ALD films contain a smaller amount of fixed charge than NHALD films (oxide fixed charge Q{sub f} {sub Traditional} = −8.1 × 10{sup 11 }cm{sup −2} and Q{sub f} {sub NHALD} = −3.6 × 10{sup 12 }cm{sup −2}), and a larger degree of chemical passivation than NHALD films (density of interface trap states, D{sub it} {sub Traditional} = 5.4 × 10{sup 11 }eV{sup −1 }cm{sup −2} and D{sub it} {sub NHALD} = 2.9 × 10{sup 12 }eV{sup −1 }cm{sup −2}). Oxides grown with both chemistries were found to have a band gap of 7.1 eV. The conduction band offset was 3.21 eV for traditionally grown films and 3.38 eV for NHALD. The increased D{sub it} for NHALD films may stem from carbon impurities in the oxide layer that are at and near the silicon surface, as evidenced by both the larger trap state time constant (τ{sub Traditional} = 2.2 × 10{sup −9} s and τ{sub NHALD} = 1.7 × 10{sup −7} s) and the larger carbon concentration. We have shown that the use of alcohol-based oxygen sources in NHALD chemistry canmore » significantly affect the resulting interfacial electronic behavior presenting an additional parameter for understanding and controlling interfacial electronic properties at semiconductor-dielectric interfaces.« less
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Center for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492924
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 18; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; CARBON; CHEMISTRY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DIELECTRIC MATERIALS; FILMS; IMPURITIES; INTERFACES; LAYERS; OXYGEN; PASSIVATION; PROPANOLS; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS; SILICON; TRAPS