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Title: Structural and vibrational properties of single crystals of Scandia, Sc{sub 2}O{sub 3} under high pressure

We report the results of single-crystal X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy studies of scandium oxide, Sc{sub 2}O{sub 3}, at ambient temperature under high pressure up to 55 and 28 GPa, respectively. Both X-ray diffraction and Raman studies indicated a phase transition from the cubic bixbyite phase (so-called C-Res phase) to a monoclinic C2/m phase (so-called B-Res phase) at pressures around 25–28 GPa. The transition was accompanied by a significant volumetric drop by ∼6.7%. In addition, the Raman spectroscopy detected a minor crossover around 10–12 GPa, which manifested in the appearance of new and disappearance of some Raman modes, as well as in softening of one Raman mode. We found the bulk modulus values of the both C-Res and B-Res phases as B{sub 0} = 198.2(3) and 171.2(1) GPa (for fixed B′ = 4), respectively. Thus, the denser high-pressure lattice of Sc{sub 2}O{sub 3} is much softer than the original lattice. We discuss possible mechanisms that might be responsible for the pronounced elastic softening in the monoclinic high-pressure phase in this “simple” oxide with an ultra-wide band gap.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3]
  1. Bayerisches Geoinstitut, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstrasse 30, Bayreuth D-95447 (Germany)
  2. (Germany)
  3. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestrasse 85, D-22603 Hamburg (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492881
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 16; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; AMBIENT TEMPERATURE; MONOCLINIC LATTICES; MONOCRYSTALS; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; PRESSURE RANGE GIGA PA; RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY; SCANDIUM OXIDES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION