skip to main content

Title: Temperature dependent dual hydrogen sensor response of Pd nanoparticle decorated Al doped ZnO surfaces

Sputter deposited Al doped ZnO (AZO) thin films exhibit a dual hydrogen sensing response in the temperature range 40 °C–150 °C after surface modifications with palladium nanoparticles. The unmodified AZO films showed no response in hydrogen in the temperature range 40 °C–150 °C. The operational temperature windows on the low and high temperature sides have been estimated by isolating the semiconductor-to-metal transition temperature zone of the sensor device. The gas response pattern was modeled by considering various adsorption isotherms, which revealed the dominance of heterogeneous adsorption characteristics. The Arrhenius adsorption barrier showed dual variation with change in hydrogen gas concentration on either side of the semiconductor-to-metal transition. A detailed analysis of the hydrogen gas response pattern by considering the changes in nano palladium due to hydrogen adsorption, and semiconductor-to-metal transition of nanocrystalline Al doped ZnO layer due to temperature, along with material characterization studies by glancing incidence X-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy, are presented.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3]
  1. Department of Physics and Materials Science, Jaypee University of Information Technology, Waknaghat, Solan, Himachal Pradesh-173234 (India)
  2. IC Design and Fabrication Centre, Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata-700032 (India)
  3. SUNAG Laboratory, Institute of Physics, Sachivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar 751005 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492861
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 16; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ADSORPTION; ADSORPTION ISOTHERMS; ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY; DOPED MATERIALS; HYDROGEN; NANOPARTICLES; NANOSTRUCTURES; PALLADIUM; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS; SENSORS; SPUTTERING; SURFACES; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0400-1000 K; THIN FILMS; TRANSITION TEMPERATURE; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZINC OXIDES