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Title: Magnetic and structural properties of ferromagnetic Fe{sub 5}PB{sub 2} and Fe{sub 5}SiB{sub 2} and effects of Co and Mn substitutions

Crystallographic and magnetic properties of Fe{sub 5}PB{sub 2}, Fe{sub 4}CoPB{sub 2}, Fe{sub 4}MnPB{sub 2}, Fe{sub 5}SiB{sub 2}, Fe{sub 4}CoSiB{sub 2}, and Fe{sub 4}MnSiB{sub 2} are reported. All adopt the tetragonal Cr{sub 5}B{sub 3} structure-type and are ferromagnetic at room temperature with easy axis of magnetization along the c-axis. The spin reorientation in Fe{sub 5}SiB{sub 2} is observed as an anomaly in the magnetization near 170 K and is suppressed by substitution of Co or Mn for Fe. The silicides are found to generally have larger magnetic moments than the phosphides, but the data suggest smaller magnetic anisotropy in the silicides. Cobalt substitution reduces the Curie temperatures by more than 100 K and ordered magnetic moments by 16%–20%, while manganese substitution has a much smaller effect. This suggests Mn moments align ferromagnetically with the Fe and that Co does not have an ordered moment in these structures. Anisotropic thermal expansion is observed in Fe{sub 5}PB{sub 2} and Fe{sub 5}SiB{sub 2}, with negative thermal expansion seen along the c-axis of Fe{sub 5}SiB{sub 2}. First principles calculations of the magnetic properties of Fe{sub 5}SiB{sub 2} and Fe{sub 4}MnSiB{sub 2} are reported. The results, including the magnetic moment and anisotropy, are in good agreement with experiment.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492848
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 16; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ANISOTROPY; CHROMIUM BORIDES; COBALT; CRYSTALLOGRAPHY; CURIE POINT; MAGNETIC MOMENTS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; MANGANESE; PHOSPHIDES; SILICIDES; SPIN; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; THERMAL EXPANSION