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Title: Nanoindentation study of the mechanical behavior of TiO{sub 2} nanotube arrays

Titanium dioxide (TiO{sub 2}) nanotube arrays are attracting increasing attention for use in solar cells, lithium-ion batteries, and biomedical implants. To take full advantage of their unique physical properties, such arrays need to maintain adequate mechanical integrity in applications. However, the mechanical performance of TiO{sub 2} nanotube arrays is not well understood. In this work, we investigate the deformation and failure of TiO{sub 2} nanotube arrays using the nanoindentation technique. We found that the load–displacement response of the arrays strongly depends on the indentation depth and indenter shape. Substrate-independent elastic modulus and hardness can be obtained when the indentation depth is less than 2.5% of the array height. The deformation mechanisms of TiO{sub 2} nanotube arrays by Berkovich and conical indenters are closely associated with the densification of TiO{sub 2} nanotubes under compression. A theoretical model for deformation of the arrays under a large-radius conical indenter is also proposed.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. School of Chemistry, Physics and Mechanical Engineering, Science and Engineering Faculty, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Brisbane, Queensland 4001 (Australia)
  2. i-Lab, Suzhou Institute of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics, Chinese Academy of Science, Suzhou (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492809
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 14; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; DEFORMATION; LITHIUM ION BATTERIES; NANOTUBES; PERFORMANCE; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; SHAPE; SOLAR CELLS; SUBSTRATES; TITANIUM OXIDES