skip to main content

Title: Experimental and ab initio studies on sub-lattice ordering and magnetism in Co{sub 2}Fe(Ge{sub 1−x}Si{sub x}) alloys

Crystallographic and magnetic properties of bulk Co{sub 2}Fe(Ge{sub 1−x}Si{sub x}) alloys with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1, synthesized by arc melting method, have been studied. Co{sub 2}FeSi alloy has been found to crystallize with L2{sub 1} structure, but the super-lattice peaks are absent in the X-ray diffraction patterns of alloys containing high Ge concentration. Unit cell volume of this series of alloys decreased from 185.2 to 178.5 Å{sup 3} as Si content was increased from 0 to 1.00. All alloy compositions exhibit ferromagnetic behavior with a high Curie temperature (T{sub C}). T{sub C} showed a systematic variation with x. A comparison between the values of saturation magnetization (M{sub s}) and effective moment per magnetic atom p{sub c} estimated from the temperature dependent susceptibility data above T{sub C}, shows that the alloys have half-metallic character. The alloy with x = 0 follows Slater-Pauling (S-P) rule with M{sub s} of 5.99μ{sub B}. However, M{sub s} for the alloy with x = 1.00 was found to be 5.42μ{sub B}, which is lower than the value of 6.0μ{sub B} predicted by S-P rule. Since atomic disorder is known to affect the M{sub s} and electronic structure of these alloys, ab initio calculations were carried out to explain the deviation in observed M{submore » s} from S-P rule prediction and the half-metallic character of the alloys. Ab initio calculations reveal that alloys with L2{sub 1} structure have M{sub s} value as predicted by S-P rule. However, introduction of 12.5% DO{sub 3} disorder, which occurs due to swapping of Co and Fe atoms in the unit cell, decreases M{sub s} of alloys with x > 0 from the S-P prediction to values obtained experimentally. The results analyzed from the view point of electronic structure of the alloys in different ordered states bring out the influence of disorder on the observed magnetic properties of these technologically important alloys.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati 781039 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492772
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 13; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ABUNDANCE; ALLOYS; ATOMS; CRYSTALLOGRAPHY; CURIE POINT; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; FORECASTING; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETISM; MAGNETIZATION; MELTING; PEAKS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; X-RAY DIFFRACTION