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Title: Vacuum ultra-violet damage and damage mitigation for plasma processing of highly porous organosilicate glass dielectrics

Porous organosilicate glass thin films, with k-value 2.0, were exposed to 147 nm vacuum ultra-violet (VUV) photons emitted in a Xenon capacitive coupled plasma discharge. Strong methyl bond depletion was observed, concomitant with a significant increase of the bulk dielectric constant. This indicates that, besides reactive radical diffusion, photons emitted during plasma processing do impede dielectric properties and therefore need to be tackled appropriately during patterning and integration. The detrimental effect of VUV irradiation can be partly suppressed by stuffing the low-k porous matrix with proper sacrificial polymers showing high VUV absorption together with good thermal and VUV stability. In addition, the choice of an appropriate hard-mask, showing high VUV absorption, can minimize VUV damage. Particular processing conditions allow to minimize the fluence of photons to the substrate and lead to negligible VUV damage. For patterned structures, in order to reduce VUV damage in the bulk and on feature sidewalls, the combination of both pore stuffing/material densification and absorbing hard-mask is recommended, and/or the use of low VUV-emitting plasma discharge.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3]
  1. IMEC v.z.w., 3001 Leuven (Belgium)
  2. (Belgium)
  3. Oxford Instruments Plasma Technology, BS49 4AP Bristol (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492766
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 13; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ABSORPTION; DAMAGE; DIELECTRIC MATERIALS; FAR ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; GLASS; IRRADIATION; LEAD; PERMITTIVITY; PHOTONS; PLASMA; POROUS MATERIALS; PROCESSING; SUBSTRATES; THIN FILMS; XENON