skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Ab initio studies on the adsorption and implantation of Al and Fe to nitride materials

The formation of transfer material products on coated cutting and forming tools is a major failure mechanism leading to various sorts of wear. To describe the atomistic processes behind the formation of transfer materials, we use ab initio to study the adsorption energy as well as the implantation barrier of Al and Fe atoms for (001)-oriented surfaces of TiN, Ti{sub 0.50}Al{sub 0.50}N, Ti{sub 0.90}Si{sub 0.10}N, CrN, and Cr{sub 0.90}Si{sub 0.10}N. The interactions between additional atoms and nitride-surfaces are described for pure adhesion, considering no additional stresses, and for the implantation barrier. The latter, we simplified to the stress required to implant Al and Fe into sub-surface regions of the nitride material. The adsorption energies exhibit pronounced extrema at high-symmetry positions and are generally highest at nitrogen sites. Here, the binary nitrides are comparable to their ternary counterparts and the average adhesive energy is higher (more negative) on CrN than TiN based systems. Contrary, the implantation barrier for Al and Fe atoms is higher for the ternary systems Ti{sub 0.50}Al{sub 0.50}N, Ti{sub 0.90}Si{sub 0.10}N, and Cr{sub 0.90}Si{sub 0.10}N than for their binary counterparts TiN and CrN. Based on our results, we can conclude that TiN based systems outperform CrN based systemsmore » with respect to pure adhesion, while the Si-containing ternaries exhibit higher implantation barriers for Al and Fe atoms. The data obtained are important to understand the atomistic interaction of metal atoms with nitride-based materials, which is valid not just for machining operations but also for any combination such as interfaces between coatings and substrates or multilayer and phase arrangements themselves.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Christian Doppler Laboratory for Application Oriented Coating Development at the Institute of Materials Science and Technology, TU Wien, A-1040 Wien (Austria)
  2. Erich Schmid Institute for Materials Science, Austria Academy of Science, A-8700 Leoben (Austria)
  3. (Austria)
  4. Oerlikon Balzers, Oerlikon Surface Solutions AG, LI-9496 Balzers (Liechtenstein)
  5. Plansee Composite Materials GmbH, D-86983 Lechbruck am See (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492749
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ADHESION; ADSORPTION; ATOMS; CHROMIUM NITRIDES; COATINGS; FAILURES; INTERACTIONS; INTERFACES; LAYERS; STRESSES; SUBSTRATES; SURFACES; TITANIUM NITRIDES; WEAR