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Deviations in Q for resonant superconducting radio frequency niobium accelerator cavities are generally correlated with resistivity loss mechanisms. Field dependent Qs are not well modeled by these classical loss mechanisms, but rather can represent a form of precision cavity surface thermometry. When the field dependent Q variation shows improvement with increasing B field level the classical treatment of this problem is inadequate. To justify this behavior hydrogen as a ubiquitous impurity in niobium, which creates measurable property changes, even at very low concentrations is typically considered the cause of such anomalous behavior. This maybe the case in some instances, but more importantly any system operating with a highly coherent field with a significant time dependent magnetic component at near 2° K will have the ability to organize the remaining free spins within the London penetration depth to form a coupled energy reservoir in the form of low mass spin waves. The niobium resonant cavities are composed of a single isotope with a large nuclear spin. When the other loss mechanisms are stripped away this may be the gain medium activated by the low level residual magnetic fields. It was found that one resonant cavity heat treatment produced optimum surface propertiesmore » and then functioned as a MASER extracting energy from the 2° K thermal bath while cooling the cavity walls. The cavity operating in this mode is a simulator of what can take place in the wider but not colder universe using the cosmic microwave background (CMB) as a thermal source. The low mass, long lifetimes, and the scale of the magnetic spin waves on the weakly magnetized interstellar medium allows energy to be stored that is many orders of magnitude colder than the cosmic microwave background. A linear accelerator cavity becomes a tool to explore the properties of the long wave length magnetic spin waves that populate this cold low energy regime.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Casting Analysis Corp., PO Box 52, Weyers Cave, VA 24486 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492692
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1687; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: Ingot niobium summary workshop, Newport News, VA (United States), 4 Dec 2015; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; CRYSTAL DEFECTS; HEAT TREATMENTS; HYDROGEN; ISOTOPES; LINEAR ACCELERATORS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MASERS; NIOBIUM; PENETRATION DEPTH; RADIOWAVE RADIATION; RELICT RADIATION; RF SYSTEMS; SIMULATORS; SPIN; SPIN WAVES; SUPERCONDUCTING CAVITY RESONATORS; SURFACE PROPERTIES; TIME DEPENDENCE