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Title: Flow velocity measurement with the nonlinear acoustic wave scattering

A problem of noninvasive measurement of liquid flow velocity arises in many practical applications. To this end the most often approach is the use of the linear Doppler technique. The Doppler frequency shift of signal scattered from the inhomogeneities distributed in a liquid relatively to the emitted frequency is proportional to the sound frequency and velocities of inhomogeneities. In the case of very slow flow one needs to use very high frequency sound. This approach fails in media with strong sound attenuation because acoustic wave attenuation increases with frequency and there is limit in increasing sound intensity, i.e. the cavitation threshold. Another approach which is considered in this paper is based on the method using the difference frequency Doppler Effect for flows with bubbles. This method is based on simultaneous action of two high-frequency primary acoustic waves with closed frequencies on bubbles and registration of the scattered by bubbles acoustic field at the difference frequency. The use of this method is interesting since the scattered difference frequency wave has much lower attenuation in a liquid. The theoretical consideration of the method is given in the paper. The experimental examples confirming the theoretical equations, as well as the ability of themore » method to be applied in medical diagnostics and in technical applications on measurement of flow velocities in liquids with strong sound attenuation is described. It is shown that the Doppler spectrum form depends on bubble concentration velocity distribution in the primary acoustic beams crossing zone that allows one to measure the flow velocity distribution.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Institute of Applied Physics, 46 Ulyanov str., Nizhny Novgorod, 603950 (Russian Federation)
  2. (Russian Federation)
  3. Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, 23 Gagarin ave., Nizhny Novgorod, 603950 (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492625
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1685; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 20. international symposium on nonlinear acoustics, Ecully (France), 29 Jun - 3 Jul 2015, 2. international sonic boom forum, Ecully (France), 29 Jun - 3 Jul 2015; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ATTENUATION; BUBBLES; CAVITATION; CONCENTRATION RATIO; DISTRIBUTION; DOPPLER EFFECT; EMISSION; EQUATIONS; FLOW RATE; FLOWMETERS; LIQUID FLOW; LIQUIDS; MHZ RANGE; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; SCATTERING; SIGNALS; SOUND WAVES; SPECTRA