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Title: Impact of interface manipulation of oxide on electrical transport properties and low-frequency noise in MgO/NiFe/MgO heterojunctions

Low-frequency noise and magnetoresistance in sputtered-deposited Ta(5 nm)/MgO (3 nm)/NiFe(10 nm)/MgO(3 nm)/Ta(3 nm) films have been measured as a function of different annealing times at 400°C. These measurements did not change synchronously with annealing time. A significant increase in magnetoresistance is observed for short annealing times (of the order of minutes) and is correlated with a relatively small reduction in 1/f noise. In contrast, a significant reduction in 1/f noise is observed for long annealing times (of the order of hours) accompanied by a small change in magnetoresistance. After annealing for 2 hours, the 1/f noise decreases by three orders of magnitude. Transmission electron microscopy and slow positron annihilation results implicate the cause being micro-structural changes in the MgO layers and interfaces following different annealing times. The internal vacancies in the MgO layers gather into vacancy clusters to reduce the defect density after short annealing times, whereas the MgO/NiFe and the NiFe/MgO interfaces improve significantly after long annealing times with the amorphous MgO layers gradually crystallizing following the release of interfacial stress.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ; ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200072 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492315
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2015 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ANNEALING; ANNIHILATION; HETEROJUNCTIONS; INTERFACES; IRON ALLOYS; LAYERS; MAGNESIUM OXIDES; MAGNETORESISTANCE; MICROSTRUCTURE; NICKEL ALLOYS; NOISE; POSITRONS; SPUTTERING; STRESSES; TANTALUM; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; VACANCIES