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Title: Development of flexible, free-standing, thin films for additive manufacturing and localized energy generation

Film energetics are becoming increasingly popular because a variety of technologies are driving a need for localized energy generation in a stable, safe and flexible form. Aluminum (Al) and molybdenum trioxide (MoO{sub 3}) composites were mixed into a silicon binder and extruded using a blade casting technique to form flexible free-standing films ideal for localized energy generation. Since this material can be extruded onto a surface it is well suited to additive manufacturing applications. This study examines the influence of 0-35% by mass potassium perchlorate (KClO{sub 4}) additive on the combustion behavior of these energetic films. Without KClO{sub 4} the film exhibits thermal instabilities that produce unsteady energy propagation upon reaction. All films were cast at a thickness of 1 mm with constant volume percent solids to ensure consistent rheological properties. The films were ignited and flame propagation was measured. The results show that as the mass percent KClO{sub 4} increased, the flame speed increased and peaked at 0.43 cm/s and 30 wt% KClO{sub 4}. Thermochemical equilibrium simulations show that the heat of combustion increases with increasing KClO{sub 4} concentration up to a maximum at 20 wt% when the heat of combustion plateaus, indicating that the increased chemical energy liberatedmore » by the additional KClO{sub 4} promotes stable energy propagation. Differential scanning calorimeter and thermogravimetric analysis show that the silicone binder participates as a fuel and reacts with KClO{sub 4} adding energy to the reaction and promoting propagation.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Mechanical Engineering Department, Texas Tech University, Lubbock TX 79409 (United States)
  2. Idaho National Laboratory, PO Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492306
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2015 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ADDITIVES; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; CALORIMETRY; CASTING; COMBUSTION HEAT; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; CONCENTRATION RATIO; DIFFERENTIAL THERMAL ANALYSIS; FLAME PROPAGATION; MOLYBDENUM OXIDES; POTASSIUM PERCHLORATES; SILICON; SILICONES; SOLIDS; SURFACES; THERMAL GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS; THIN FILMS