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Title: Thermoelectric properties of p-type PbTe/Ag{sub 2}Te bulk composites by extrinsic phase mixing

We investigated the thermoelectric properties of PbTe/Ag{sub 2}Te bulk composites, synthesized by hand milling, mixing, and hot press sintering. From x-ray diffraction and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy measurements, we observed Ag{sub 2}Te phase separation in the PbTe matrix without Ag atom diffusion. In comparison with previously reported pseudo-binary (PbTe){sub 1−x}(Ag{sub 2}Te){sub x} composites, synthesized by high temperature phase separation, the PbTe/Ag{sub 2}Te bulk composites fabricated with a low temperature phase mixing process give rise to p-type conduction of carriers with significantly decreased electrical conductivity. This indicates that Ag atom diffusion in the PbTe matrix changes the sign of the Seebeck coefficient to n-type and also increases the carrier concentration. Effective p-type doping with low temperature phase separation by mixing and hot press sintering can enhance the thermoelectric performance of PbTe/Ag{sub 2}Te bulk composites, which can be used as a p-type counterpart of n-type (PbTe){sub 1−x}(Ag{sub 2}Te){sub x} bulk composites.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Applied Physics and Institute of Natural Sciences, Kyung Hee University, Yongin 446-701 (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492248
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2015 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; DIFFUSION; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; HOT PRESSING; LEAD TELLURIDES; MATRIX MATERIALS; N-TYPE CONDUCTORS; P-TYPE CONDUCTORS; SILVER TELLURIDES; SINTERING; THERMOELECTRIC PROPERTIES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY