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Title: A simple method for understanding the triangular growth patterns of transition metal dichalcogenide sheets

Triangular nanoflake growth patterns have been commonly observed in synthesis of transition metal dichalcogenide sheets and their hybrid structures. Triangular nanoflakes not only show exceptional properties, but also can serve as building blocks for two or three dimensional structures. In this study, taking the MoS{sub 2} system as a test case, we propose a Matrix method to understand the mechanism of such unique growth pattern. Nanoflakes with different edge types are mathematically described with configuration matrices, and the total formation energy is calculated as the sum of the edge formation energies and the chemical potentials of sulfur and molybdenum. Based on energetics, we find that three triangular patterns with the different edge configurations are energetically more favorable in different ranges of the chemical potential of sulfur, which are in good agreement with experimental observations. Our algorithm has high efficiency and can deal with nanoflakes in microns which are beyond the ability of ab-initio method. This study not only elucidates the mechanism of triangular nanoflake growth patterns in experiment, but also provides a clue to control the geometric configurations in synthesis.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Center for Applied Physics and Technology, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)
  2. (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22492120
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: (c) 2015 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ALGORITHMS; CONFIGURATION; FORMATION HEAT; MATRICES; MOLYBDENUM; MOLYBDENUM SULFIDES; NANOSTRUCTURES; POTENTIALS; SHEETS; SULFUR; SYNTHESIS; THREE-DIMENSIONAL LATTICES