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Title: Composition dependent multiple structural transformations of myoglobin in aqueous ethanol solution: A combined experimental and theoretical study

Experimental studies (circular dichroism and ultra-violet (UV) absorption spectra) and large scale atomistic molecular dynamics simulations (accompanied by order parameter analyses) are combined to establish a number of remarkable (and unforeseen) structural transformations of protein myoglobin in aqueous ethanol mixture at various ethanol concentrations. The following results are particularly striking. (1) Two well-defined structural regimes, one at x{sub EtOH} ∼ 0.05 and the other at x{sub EtOH} ∼ 0.25, characterized by formation of distinct partially folded conformations and separated by a unique partially unfolded intermediate state at x{sub EtOH} ∼ 0.15, are identified. (2) Existence of non-monotonic composition dependence of (i) radius of gyration, (ii) long range contact order, (iii) residue specific solvent accessible surface area of tryptophan, and (iv) circular dichroism spectra and UV-absorption peaks are observed. Interestingly at x{sub EtOH} ∼ 0.15, time averaged value of the contact order parameter of the protein reaches a minimum, implying that this conformational state can be identified as a molten globule state. Multiple structural transformations well known in water-ethanol binary mixture appear to have considerably stronger effects on conformation and dynamics of the protein. We compare the present results with studies in water-dimethyl sulfoxide mixture where also distinct structural transformations aremore » observed along with variation of co-solvent composition.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22490877
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 143; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ABSORPTION; ABSORPTION SPECTRA; BINARY MIXTURES; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; DICHROISM; DMSO; ETHANOL; INTERMEDIATE STATE; MOLECULAR DYNAMICS METHOD; MYOGLOBIN; ORDER PARAMETERS; PEAKS; SIMULATION; SOLUTIONS; SOLVENTS; SURFACE AREA; TRYPTOPHAN; WATER