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Title: Self-consistent Kohn-Sham method based on the adiabatic-connection fluctuation-dissipation theorem and the exact-exchange kernel

A self-consistent Kohn-Sham method based on the adiabatic-connection fluctuation-dissipation (ACFD) theorem, employing the frequency-dependent exact exchange kernel f{sub x} is presented. The resulting SC-exact-exchange-only (EXX)-ACFD method leads to even more accurate correlation potentials than those obtained within the direct random phase approximation (dRPA). In contrast to dRPA methods, not only the Coulomb kernel but also the exact exchange kernel f{sub x} is taken into account in the EXX-ACFD correlation which results in a method that, unlike dRPA methods, is free of self-correlations, i.e., a method that treats exactly all one-electron systems, like, e.g., the hydrogen atom. The self-consistent evaluation of EXX-ACFD total energies improves the accuracy compared to EXX-ACFD total energies evaluated non-self-consistently with EXX or dRPA orbitals and eigenvalues. Reaction energies of a set of small molecules, for which highly accurate experimental reference data are available, are calculated and compared to quantum chemistry methods like Møller-Plesset perturbation theory of second order (MP2) or coupled cluster methods [CCSD, coupled cluster singles, doubles, and perturbative triples (CCSD(T))]. Moreover, we compare our methods to other ACFD variants like dRPA combined with perturbative corrections such as the second order screened exchange corrections or a renormalized singles correction. Similarly, the performance of our EXX-ACFDmore » methods is investigated for the non-covalently bonded dimers of the S22 reference set and for potential energy curves of noble gas, water, and benzene dimers. The computational effort of the SC-EXX-ACFD method exhibits the same scaling of N{sup 5} with respect to the system size N as the non-self-consistent evaluation of only the EXX-ACFD correlation energy; however, the prefactor increases significantly. Reaction energies from the SC-EXX-ACFD method deviate quite little from EXX-ACFD energies obtained non-self-consistently with dRPA orbitals and eigenvalues, and the deviation reduces even further if the Coulomb kernel is scaled by a factor of 0.75 in the dRPA to reduce self-correlations in the dRPA correlation potential. For larger systems, such a non-self-consistent EXX-ACFD method is a competitive alternative to high-level wave-function-based methods, yielding higher accuracy than MP2 and CCSD methods while exhibiting a better scaling of the computational effort than CCSD or CCSD(T) methods. Moreover, EXX-ACFD methods were shown to be applicable in situation characterized by static correlation.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Lehrstuhl für Theoretische Chemie, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Egerlandstr. 3, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22490827
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 142; Journal Issue: 24; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 97 MATHEMATICAL METHODS AND COMPUTING; ACCURACY; ATOMS; BENZENE; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CORRECTIONS; DIAGRAMS; DIMERS; EIGENVALUES; ELECTRON CORRELATION; ELECTRONS; FLUCTUATIONS; FREQUENCY DEPENDENCE; FUNCTIONS; KERNELS; MOLECULES; PERTURBATION THEORY; POTENTIAL ENERGY; RANDOM PHASE APPROXIMATION; RENORMALIZATION; WATER