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Title: The elusive S{sub 2} state, the S{sub 1}/S{sub 2} splitting, and the excimer states of the benzene dimer

We observe the weak S{sub 0} → S{sub 2} transitions of the T-shaped benzene dimers (Bz){sub 2} and (Bz-d{sub 6}){sub 2} about 250 cm{sup −1} and 220 cm{sup −1} above their respective S{sub 0} → S{sub 1} electronic origins using two-color resonant two-photon ionization spectroscopy. Spin-component scaled (SCS) second-order approximate coupled-cluster (CC2) calculations predict that for the tipped T-shaped geometry, the S{sub 0} → S{sub 2} electronic oscillator strength f{sub el}(S{sub 2}) is ∼10 times smaller than f{sub el}(S{sub 1}) and the S{sub 2} state lies ∼240 cm{sup −1} above S{sub 1}, in excellent agreement with experiment. The S{sub 0} → S{sub 1} (ππ{sup ∗}) transition is mainly localized on the “stem” benzene, with a minor stem → cap charge-transfer contribution; the S{sub 0} → S{sub 2} transition is mainly localized on the “cap” benzene. The orbitals, electronic oscillator strengths f{sub el}(S{sub 1}) and f{sub el}(S{sub 2}), and transition frequencies depend strongly on the tipping angle ω between the two Bz moieties. The SCS-CC2 calculated S{sub 1} and S{sub 2} excitation energies at different T-shaped, stacked-parallel and parallel-displaced stationary points of the (Bz){sub 2} ground-state surface allow to construct approximate S{sub 1} and S{sub 2} potential energy surfaces and revealmore » their relation to the “excimer” states at the stacked-parallel geometry. The f{sub el}(S{sub 1}) and f{sub el}(S{sub 2}) transition dipole moments at the C{sub 2v}-symmetric T-shape, parallel-displaced and stacked-parallel geometries are either zero or ∼10 times smaller than at the tipped T-shaped geometry. This unusual property of the S{sub 0} → S{sub 1} and S{sub 0} → S{sub 2} transition-dipole moment surfaces of (Bz){sub 2} restricts its observation by electronic spectroscopy to the tipped and tilted T-shaped geometries; the other ground-state geometries are impossible or extremely difficult to observe. The S{sub 0} → S{sub 1}/S{sub 2} spectra of (Bz){sub 2} are compared to those of imidazole ⋅ (Bz){sub 2}, which has a rigid triangular structure with a tilted (Bz){sub 2} subunit. The S{sub 0} → S{sub 1}/ S{sub 2} transitions of imidazole-(benzene){sub 2} lie at similar energies as those of (Bz){sub 2}, confirming our assignment of the (Bz){sub 2} S{sub 0} → S{sub 2} transition.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Bern, Freiestrasse 3, CH-3012 Bern (Switzerland)
  2. Theoretical Chemistry, Institute for Molecules and Materials, Radboud University Nijmegen, Heyendaalseweg 135, 6525 AJ Nijmegen (Netherlands)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22490814
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 142; Journal Issue: 23; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; BENZENE; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DIMERS; DIPOLE MOMENTS; EXCITATION; GROUND STATES; OSCILLATOR STRENGTHS; PHOTOIONIZATION; POTENTIAL ENERGY; SPECTRA; SPECTROSCOPY; SPIN; SURFACES