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Title: Trapped electron plasma formation and equilibrium with a low-power radio-frequency drive

Penning-Malmberg traps confining electron plasmas usually rely on external sources like thermo- and photocathodes. It has been already demonstrated that electron plasmas of comparable densities can be produced by applying a radio-frequency (RF) power to any inner electrode of the trap. Such excitation may result in significant electron heating and ionization of the residual gas with the formation of a plasma column when the RF frequency is of the order or larger than the typical axial bounce frequencies of few-eV electrons, even at RF amplitude of few volts. While discharges are common in plasma generation at higher pressures and RF power, this mechanism is not yet well explored in our working conditions, namely ultra-high vacuum and very low RF power. This plasma production mechanism is very sensitive to the experimental conditions. Interesting phenomena can be observed: transition from a diffuse to a narrow-section, denser plasma column; presence of low-order diocotron modes in transient and steady-state plasmas; modulation of the m=1 diocotron mode and suppression of its instability despite the presence of positive ions and resistive loads. These observations are reported here, and possible explanations are discussed. In addition, a possible electron heating mechanism is investigated with a single-particle, one-dimensional modelmore » described by an area-preserving map where an electron bounces within a square potential well and the RF excitation is modelled by a time-oscillating square barrier. The low-energy part of the Poincaré plot includes both quasi-periodic and chaotic regions, where heating up to ionization energies is achievable. Results of a systematic analysis of the map extracting its chaotic properties and scaling laws as a function of the control parameters are reported.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2]
  1. Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Milano (Italy)
  2. (Italy)
  3. Institute of Fluid Physics, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22490690
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1668; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 11. international workshop on non-neutral plasmas, Takamatsu (Japan), 1-4 Dec 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; CATIONS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; EQUILIBRIUM; EV RANGE; EXCITATION; PERIODICITY; PHOTOCATHODES; PLASMA DENSITY; PLASMA HEATING; PLASMA PRODUCTION; RADIOWAVE RADIATION; SCALING LAWS; STEADY-STATE CONDITIONS; TRANSIENTS; TRAPPED ELECTRONS; TRAPS