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Title: From single to multiple TiO{sub 2} nanotubes layers: Analysis of the parameters which influence the growth

Highly-ordered vertically oriented TiO{sub 2} nanotube arrays (TiO{sub 2} NTs) are widely exploited in many different fields such as catalysis, electronics and biomedicine. TiO{sub 2} NTs can be synthetized by a number of methods; however, the synthesis via anodization in a fluoride-based electrolyte, proposed for the first time in 2001, has been proved to be the procedure which offers the best control over the nanotube dimensions. In literature, four generations of TiO{sub 2} NTs obtained with different types of anodization baths have been reported, each bath giving rise to TiO{sub 2} NTs with specific morphological features. In this work, we performed the growth of third generation TiO{sub 2} NTs by varying different parameters (i.e. voltage, temperature, anodization time, bath composition) and systematically analyzed their influence on NTs morphology. A deep knowledge of the effect of each parameter allowed their suitable combination in order to obtain double and triple NTs layers with different length and aspect ratio. The proposed method can be applied to synthetize multiple layers with predictable and well-defined features.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Basic and Applied Sciences for Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Via A. Scarpa, 14/16, 00161 Rome (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22490680
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1667; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: Nanoforum 2014, Rome (Italy), 22-25 Sep 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ANODIZATION; ASPECT RATIO; CATALYSIS; CRYSTAL GROWTH; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; ELECTROLYTES; FLUORIDES; LAYERS; MORPHOLOGY; NANOTUBES; SYNTHESIS; TITANIUM OXIDES