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Title: Influence of pH on the structural and magnetic behavior of cobalt ferrite synthesized by sol-gel auto-combustion

Cobalt ferrite (CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}) shown to be promising candidate for applications such as high-density magnetic recording, enhanced memory storage, magnetic fluids and catalysts. Utility of ferrite nanoparticles depends on its size, dispersibility in solutions, and magnetic properties. We have investigated the structural properties of synthesized cobalt ferrite nanoparticles synthesized by sol gel auto combustion for uncontrolled, acidic, neutral and basic pH values. X-ray diffraction (XRD) study confirms the cubic spinel phase formation with lattice constant 8.38 Å. In this study, we have optimized the pH value to synthesize homogenous cobalt ferrite nanoparticles with enhanced magnetic behavior. The surface morphology has been investigated by employing SEM images and the confirmation of spinel ferrite was also supported by using IR spectroscopy. Magnetic measurements for CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} compositions (with pH <1, pH = 3, 7, 10) were investigated using VSM measurements.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics, University of Pune, Ganeshkhind, Pune - 411 007 (India)
  2. (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22490590
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1665; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 59. DAE solid state physics symposium 2014, Tamilnadu (India), 16-20 Dec 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CATALYSTS; COBALT OXIDES; COMBUSTION; ELECTRIC UTILITIES; FERRITES; FLUIDS; INFRARED SPECTRA; LATTICE PARAMETERS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MORPHOLOGY; NANOPARTICLES; PH VALUE; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SOL-GEL PROCESS; SPINELS; SURFACES; VIBRATING SAMPLE MAGNETOMETERS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION