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Title: Preparation and characterization of CNT-CeO{sub 2} nanocomposite

This paper reports decoration of CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles on multi-walled carbon nanotubes through a reflux process in which Ce (NO{sub 3}) {sub 3}·6H{sub 2}O serves as precursor and hydrazine hydrate (N{sub 2}H{sub 4}.H{sub 2}O) as reducing agent. Successful deposition of cubic fluorite CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles onto multi-walled carbon nanotubes has been confirmed by x-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS). It was found that CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles formed in the presence of CNTs were larger as compared to pure CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles. Raman analysis showed that CeO{sub 2} induced a decrease in the size of the carbon grain in the CNTs. A red shift from 460 cm{sup −1} to 463 cm{sup −1} for F{sub 2g} mode of CeO{sub 2} has also been observed in Raman spectra of CNT- CeO{sub 2} nanocomposite as compared to pure CeO{sub 2}. The CeO{sub 2} coated multi-wall carbon nanotubes (CNT-CeO{sub 2}) nanocomposite would be a promising candidate for practical applications such as catalysis, sensing and power source applications.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar-143005 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22490335
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1665; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 59. DAE solid state physics symposium 2014, Tamilnadu (India), 16-20 Dec 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; CARBON NANOTUBES; CATALYSIS; CERIUM NITRATES; CERIUM OXIDES; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CUBIC LATTICES; DEPOSITION; FIELD EMISSION; HYDRATES; HYDRAZINE; NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; RAMAN SPECTRA; RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY; RED SHIFT; REDUCING AGENTS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY