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Title: Optical imaging using spatial grating effects in ferrofluids

Under the effect of magnetic field the magnetic nanoparticles of the ferrofluid tend to align in the direction of the magnetic field. This alignment of the magnetic nanoparticles behaves as a spatial grating and diffract light, when light is propagating perpendicular to the direction of the applied magnetic field. The chains of the magnetic nanoparticles represents a linear series of fringes like those observed in a grating/wire. Under applied magnetic field the circular beam of light transforms into a prominent diffraction line in the direction perpendicular to the applied magnetic field. This diffracted light illuminates larger area on the screen. This behavior can be used as magneto controlled illumination of the object and image analysis.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics, Maharaja Krishankumarsinhji Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar. 364002. India (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22490308
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1665; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 59. DAE solid state physics symposium 2014, Tamilnadu (India), 16-20 Dec 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ALIGNMENT; CHAINS; DIFFRACTION; DIFFRACTION GRATINGS; ILLUMINANCE; IMAGE PROCESSING; LIQUIDS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETIC MATERIALS; NANOPARTICLES; VISIBLE RADIATION