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Title: Synthesis, structural and magnetic characterization of polycrystalline Yb{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}

The discovery of the Yb{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} is among the most significant findings in magnetic materials in over a decade. The spin-ice model is based on an ingenious analogy to Pauling’s model of geometrical frustration in water ice, which is confirmed by various experiments. Here we present the characteristics of Yb2Ti2O7 studied by X-ray diffraction and magnetic measurements. Polycrystalline sample of Yb{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} was prepared by sol-gel synthesis followed by thermal annealing at 1400 ° C for 36 hours. We calculated the change in the magnetic entropy from isothermal magnetization curves. We find no evidence of plateau at Pauling residual entropy. Temperature dependence of the inverse magnetic susceptibility reveals Curie-Wiess temperature Θ{sub cw} = 156mK and paramagnetic moment μ{sub eff} ≈ 3.58 µ{sub B}, indicating weak ferromagnetic interaction. Using Arrott plot we conclude that Yb{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} possibly enters a magnetic ground state below Tc~140 mK.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, KANPUR-208016 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22490252
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1665; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 59. DAE solid state physics symposium 2014, Tamilnadu (India), 16-20 Dec 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ANNEALING; CURIE-WEISS LAW; ENTROPY; GROUND STATES; ICE; MAGNETIC MATERIALS; MAGNETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY; MAGNETIZATION; PARAMAGNETISM; POLYCRYSTALS; SOL-GEL PROCESS; SPIN; SYNTHESIS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TITANATES; WATER; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; YTTERBIUM COMPOUNDS