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Title: Structural and optical investigations of oxygen defects in zinc oxide nanoparticles

ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared implementing chemical precipitation method. Structural and optical characterizations of synthesized ZnO NPs were thoroughly probed applying X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV- Visible absorption and fluorescence (FL) spectroscopy. The XRD and TEM analyses revealed hexagonal wurtzite phase with 25-30 nm size. EDX analysis indicated oxygen (O) rich composition of nanoparticles. In accordance with EDX, XPS analysis verifies O{sub i} rich stoichiometry of prepared NPs. Furthermore, concurrence of lattice oxygen (O{sub L}), interstitial oxygen (O{sub i}) and oxygen vacancy (V{sub O}) in ZnO NPs was demonstrated through XPS analysis. Size quantization of nanoparticles is evident by blue shift of UV-Visible absorption energy. The FL spectroscopic investigations ascertain the existence of several discrete and defect states and radiative transitions occurring therein. Display of visible emission from oxygen defect states and most importantly, excess of O{sub i} defects in prepared ZnO nanoparticles, was well established through FL study.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics and Materials Science and Engineering, Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, A-10, Sec. 62, Noida. (U.P.)-201307 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22490231
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1665; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 59. DAE solid state physics symposium 2014, Tamilnadu (India), 16-20 Dec 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ABSORPTION; FLUORESCENCE SPECTROSCOPY; NANOPARTICLES; OXYGEN; PRECIPITATION; PROBES; QUANTIZATION; STOICHIOMETRY; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; VACANCIES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY; ZINC OXIDES