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Title: A one-dimensional study of the evolution of the microwave breakdown in air

The microwave breakdown in air is simulated numerically within a simple 1D model taking into account a perturbation of electromagnetic field by plasma. The simulations were performed using two qualitatively different codes. One of these codes is based on computation of Maxwell equations, whereas the other one utilizes an approximation of quasi-monochromatic electromagnetic field. There is a good agreement between simulation results obtained by using both codes. Calculations have been carried out in a wide range of air pressures and field frequencies; also varied were initial spatial distributions of plasma density. The results reveal strong dependence of the breakdown evolution on the relation between the field frequency and the gas pressure as well as on the presence of extended rarefied background plasma. At relatively low gas pressures (or high field frequencies), the breakdown process is accompanied by the stationary ionization wave propagating towards the incident electromagnetic wave. In the case of a high gas pressure (or a relatively low field frequency), the peculiarities of the breakdown are associated with a formation of plasma filament array. The extended background plasma can suppress formation of the plasma filament array completely even at high pressures (or low frequencies)
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhny Novgorod (Russian Federation)
  2. JIHT RAS, Moscow (Russian Federation)
  3. (Russian Federation)
  4. IREAP, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742-3511 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22490155
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; AIR; APPROXIMATIONS; BREAKDOWN; DISTURBANCES; ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS; MAXWELL EQUATIONS; MICROWAVE RADIATION; MONOCHROMATIC RADIATION; ONE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; PLASMA DENSITY; PLASMA FILAMENT; PRESSURE RANGE MEGA PA 10-100; SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION