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Title: Multi-fluid systems—Multi-Beltrami relaxed states and their implications

We consider the non-dissipative multi-fluid equations, and demonstrate how multi-Beltrami equilibria emerge as natural relaxed states of the model, representing an evolution towards the minimum energy. General properties of these states are studied, and a wide class of solutions is obtained. We specialize to the cases of double and triple Beltrami states and highlight their connections with the appropriate physical invariants, viz., the generalized helicities and the energy. In particular, we demonstrate that different field configurations can give rise to distinct or identical values of the invariants, depending on the nature of the roots of the multi-Beltrami equation. Moreover, we also highlight equivalences between (outwardly) unconnected models allowing us to treat them in a unified manner. Some observations regarding the nature of the solutions for certain special cases of these models are presented. Potential applications for astrophysical plasmas are also highlighted.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics and Institute for Fusion Studies, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)
  2. (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22490141
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; EQUILIBRIUM; FLOW MODELS; HELICITY; MATHEMATICAL SOLUTIONS; PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS; PLASMA