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Title: Calculation of continuum damping of Alfvén eigenmodes in tokamak and stellarator equilibria

In an ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) plasma, shear Alfvén eigenmodes may experience dissipationless damping due to resonant interaction with the shear Alfvén continuum. This continuum damping can make a significant contribution to the overall growth/decay rate of shear Alfvén eigenmodes, with consequent implications for fast ion transport. One method for calculating continuum damping is to solve the MHD eigenvalue problem over a suitable contour in the complex plane, thereby satisfying the causality condition. Such an approach can be implemented in three-dimensional ideal MHD codes which use the Galerkin method. Analytic functions can be fitted to numerical data for equilibrium quantities in order to determine the value of these quantities along the complex contour. This approach requires less resolution than the established technique of calculating damping as resistivity vanishes and is thus more computationally efficient. The complex contour method has been applied to the three-dimensional finite element ideal MHD Code for Kinetic Alfvén waves. In this paper, we discuss the application of the complex contour technique to calculate the continuum damping of global modes in tokamak as well as torsatron, W7-X and H-1NF stellarator cases. To the authors' knowledge, these stellarator calculations represent the first calculation of continuum damping for eigenmodes inmore » fully three-dimensional equilibria. The continuum damping of global modes in W7-X and H-1NF stellarator configurations investigated is found to depend sensitively on coupling to numerous poloidal and toroidal harmonics.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Plasma Theory and Modelling, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Acton 2601, Australian Capital Territory (Australia)
  2. Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, D-17491 Greifswald (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22490136
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ALFVEN WAVES; ANALYTIC FUNCTIONS; CHARGED-PARTICLE TRANSPORT; DAMPING; EIGENFREQUENCY; EIGENVALUES; FINITE ELEMENT METHOD; GALERKIN-PETROV METHOD; HARMONICS; IONS; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; NUMERICAL DATA; PLASMA; SHEAR; STELLARATORS; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; TOKAMAK DEVICES